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Citation Styles: MLA Style

MLA Style

MLA (Modern Language Association of America) style is widely used by humanities students, particularly by language and literature students. The following paragraph is extracted from:


Chiu, Ann Shu-ju. "Fuzhou Chinese Speech Group and Associations: Online Debates over the Landmarks of Manhattan Chinatown after 9/11." Journal of Chinese Overseas 8.2 (2012): 232-64. Print.


Use one citation style form consistently throughout a paper or thesis. For example, you mention a book and a journal article as follows. All the in-text citations and bibliographies are in MLA style.

In-text citation (Author, Year of Publication, and Page Number in parenthesis)

MLA In-text citation

Bibliographies (listing alphabetically by the last name of author)

MLA Bibliographies


MLA Book

Note: MLA use Print and Web to indicate the medium of publication. No need to list URL address. List Title of Database/Online Collection in Italics, and Date of access for E-book.

(E-)Books with Two or Three Authors (Editors)

(E-)Books with Two or Three Authors (Editors)

Book Chapters/Anthologies

MLA--Book Chapters & Anthologies

Journal Article

MLA Journal Article

E-Journal Article

MLA E-Journal Article

Film, DVD, or Video clip

MLA Film, DVD, or Video clip

Social Media


MLA Social Media (Blog)





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