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Citation Styles: Chicago Style

Chicago Style

Chicago Style is a commonly used style for humanities, sciences and social sciences students. The following sample paragraph is extracted from:


Chiu, Ann Shu-ju, and Wei-an Chang. "Hakka American Associations and Their Online Discourses: A Case Study of Taiwan Council Global Website." Chinese America: History & Perspectives (2018): 81-90.


Use one citation style form consistently throughout a paper or thesis. For example, you mention a book and some printed journal and e-journal articles as follows. All in-text citations and bibliographies are in Chicago Style.

In-text citation (Author, Year of Publication, and Page Number in parenthesis)

Chicago In-text citation

Bibliographies (listing alphabetically by the last name of author)

Chicago Bibliographies


Chicago Book

Journal Article

Chicago Journal Article

E-Journal Article (need to add doi: Digital Object Identifier and Date of Access)

Chicago E-Journal Article

Transition paragraph and sentence to justify your research

Transition paragraph and sentence to justify your research

Conference Proceedings


From Conference Address/Paper to Journal Article/Book Chapter



This professional address is a reconstruction and reworking of a keynote speech of the same title delivered at the 2014 Philippine Political Science Association (PPSA) International Conference, “Gazing Out: Locating Asia in the Philippine Political Worldview,” 10-11 April 2014.

Social Media

Bibliography Format for Blog

Chicago Social Media (Blog)


However, Chicago Style writers usually do not use bibliography format for social media citation. They put their social media citation in the footnote or endnote. Following the Note number 2 like this example, document your source.

Chicago Social Media (Note Number)



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