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Citation Styles: Vancouver Style

Vancouver Style

Vancouver citation is widely used by biomedical, health science and other science students. The following paragraphs are extracted from:


Chiu, AS, Yip, H. From CM to TCM: A case study of the Tung Wah Hospital in Hong Kong since 1870. 14th International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia; 2015 July 6-10; Paris.


Use one citation style form consistently throughout a paper or thesis. For example, you mention a journal article, an e-book, and a journal article published online ahead of print as follows. All the in-text citations and bibliographies are in Vancouver style.

In-text citation (Numerical Citation)

Vancouver In-text citation

Reference List (numerical references in the text, linked to the full citations in footnotes)

Vancouver Reference List


Vancouver Book

E-Journal Article

Vancouver--E-Jounral Article

Online Image or Video

Online Technical Report

Vancouver Online Technical Report




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