"At a general level, scoping studies might aim to map rapidly the key concepts underpinning a research area and the main sources and types of evidence available, and can be undertaken as stand-alone projects in their own right, especially where an area is complex or has not been reviewed comprehensively before"
Source: Arksey, H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International journal of social research methodology, 8(1), 19-32.
Scoping Review can be used for:
Source: Peters, M. D. J., Godfrey, C. M., Khalil, H., McInerney, P., Parker, D., & Soares, C. B. (2015). Guidance for conducting systematic scoping reviews. JBI Evidence Implementation, 13(3), 141-146.
The table below provides a comparison of Scoping Review with Systematic Review
|Scoping Review||Systematic review|
|Timeframe||more than 12 months||6 months to 2 years|
||Review result is used for answering a clinically meaningful question or providing evidence to inform practice or for answering a question addressing the feasibility, appropriateness, meaningfulness or effectiveness of a certain treatment or practice.|
||Result is limited to provide insights about effectiveness (e.g. whether a particular intervention is effective) rather than seeking answers to more complex search questions.|