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Using Information Responsibly for Your Assignments: Citation Formats


What Is Citation

Citation tells readers about the sources you have used in your work. It can be found in the text or at the end of the work as a bibliography / reference list.

What is a Citation?

Watch this video to learn what is a citation and why we need citations? (1:21)

Why Do We Have to Cite

  • Acknowledge the ideas of the original authors and give them credit.
  • To avoid plagiarism.
  • To support your arguments.
  • To help readers to locate your reference for further research.

Elements of a Cited Work

Use the elements of cited works to compose a list of references at the end of your paper so that readers can retrieve the items you mention in your text.

For example, if you mention the book Ghetto at the Center of the World: Chungking Mansions, Hong Kong by Gordon Mathews in your text, you must document this source.

Different citation styles for different disciplines

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is used in Education, Psychology, and Sciences.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in Humanities.
  • Chicago/Turabian style is generally used in Business, History, and the Fine Arts.
  • IEEE is used in Engineering.

You can refer to the Citation Styles Guide for details:

Videos - How to Cite different types of materials

How to Cite Books and Chapters

Watch this video to learn how to cite books and book chapters using various styles.

How to Cite Journal Articles

This video shows you how to cite journal articles using various styles.

How to Cite Social Media

Learn how to cite social media materials such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter & Blog post.

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